British Airships, Past, Present, and Future - George Whale - Страница 1 из 166


British Airships: Past, Present and Future
by
George Whale
(Late Major, R.A.F.)
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER II
EARLY AIRSHIPS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT TO THE PRESENT DAY
CHAPTER III
BRITISH AIRSHIPS BUILT BY PRIVATE FIRMS
CHAPTER IV
BRITISH ARMY AIRSHIPS
CHAPTER V
EARLY DAYS OF THE NAVAL AIRSHIP SECTION--PARSEVAL AIRSHIPS,
ASTRA-TORRES TYPE, ETC.
CHAPTER VI
NAVAL AIRSHIPS: THE NON-RIGIDS--
S.S. TYPE
COASTAL AND C STAR AIRSHIPS
THE NORTH SEA AIRSHIP
CHAPTER VII
NAVAL AIRSHIPS: THE RIGIDS
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 1
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 9
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 23 CLASS
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 23 X CLASS
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 31 CLASS
RIGID AIRSHIP NO. 33 CLASS
CHAPTER VIII
THE WORK OF THE AIRSHIP IN THE WORLD WAR
CHAPTER IX
THE FUTURE OF AIRSHIPS
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Lighter-than-air craft consist of three distinct types: Airships, which
are by far the most important, Free Balloons, and Kite Balloons, which
are attached to the ground or to a ship by a cable. They derive their
appellation from the fact that when charged with hydrogen, or some
other form of gas, they are lighter than the air which they displace.
Of these three types the free balloon is by far the oldest and the
simplest, but it is entirely at the mercy of the wind and other
elements, and cannot be controlled for direction, but must drift
whithersoever the wind or air currents take it. On the other hand, the
airship, being provided with engines to propel it through the air, and
with rudders and elevators to control it for direction and height, can


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